Pelvic Floor 101: What Does Pelvic Pain Mean?

For many of us, the pelvic floor is a bit of a mystery. We know it’s there, but we don’t think about it much beyond that.

However, the pelvic floor plays a vital role in our overall health. The pelvic floor includes a group of muscles and ligaments that supports the bladder, rectum, vagina, and scrotum. 

These muscles work together to control and allow bowel movements and urination and provide sexual pleasure. When the pelvic floor muscles are tight, weak, or damaged, it can lead to many problems. One of the most common issues associated with pelvic pain is muscle tension of the pelvic floor and surrounding muscles. 

Pelvic pain can be a very frustrating and debilitating condition. It can make everyday activities, such as going to the bathroom or having sex, incredibly painful. In some cases, it can even make it difficult to walk or sit for long periods of time.

Learning why it’s happening is the first step to finding relief if you’re dealing with pelvic pain. In this guide, we’ll talk about some of the most common causes of pelvic pain and what you can do to get relief.

What is Pelvic Pain?

Pelvic pain is any pain or discomfort in the pelvis, vaginal, rectal, scrotal, penile,  or abdominal regions. It can be sharp or dull, constant or intermittent.

There are two main types of pelvic pain: acute and chronic.

Acute pelvic pain: This pain comes on suddenly and only lasts for a short time. An infection, childbirth, pelvic pressure during the 3rd trimester of pregnancy, prostate enlargement, constipation, menstrual cramps, uterine fibroids, or other medical conditions are common causes. In most cases, it can be treated with medication and/or home care.

Chronic pelvic pain: This pain lasts more than three months. It can be caused by many factors, including pelvic floor muscle disorders, painful bladder syndrome (also called interstitial cystitis), overactive bladder (frequent urination and/or strong urinary urgency), prostatitis or cancer, pelvic region fractures, hip disorders, cancer treatment, and endometriosis, amongst other causes. 

Your doctor may recommend pelvic floor physical therapy and lifestyle changes to treat your pelvic pain.

Tips to Help Relieve Pelvic Pain

There are a number of different ways to help relieve pelvic pain, including rest, the application of heat to painful regions, an anti-inflammatory diet, and gentle exercises such as yoga, swimming, or walking. Your Physical Therapist can help guide you through these self-help options, plus many more.

Learn How to Overcome Pelvic Pain at Axis Sports Medicine

If you’re dealing with pelvic pain, you’re not alone—it’s a prevalent problem among women and men of all ages. And while it can be painful and frustrating, there are great treatment options.

Our team of expert physical therapists at Axis Sports Medicine can help you find relief from pelvic pain. We offer a range of services targeting the underlying causes of your pain. In addition, we’ll work with you to develop a personalized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs and will be glad to work with your healthcare team.

If you’re ready to start feeling better, contact us today. We’ll be happy to answer any of your questions, help you schedule an appointment, and start your journey to pain-free living.

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